Fences for privacy – 9 great ideas for garden screening
Are you making the most of your fences for privacy and screening?
Privacy is a big issue for middle-sized gardens, because high hedges and fences block light. But low hedges and fences mean you can see and hear your neighbours. And your ideal fence height may not be your neighbour’s ideal fence height.
But installing fences for privacy is not just about height. You can increase your privacy by positioning screening in the right place in your garden.
First, consider your neighbours. There is a saying ‘good fences make good neighbours.’ Arguments over fences for privacy – along with boundaries – cause more problems than anything else in communities.
Most governments recognise this so you will have laws that explain what you are entitled do. Although this post focuses on English fences, it will give you a good idea of what issues to check locally before changing or erecting fences for privacy.
Some houses, districts, counties or states will have different restrictions regarding fences. For example, in Dungeness, Kent, you are not allowed to fence your land. Yet, just a few miles away, you are able to put up a two metre fence without any problem.
So always check whether your Deeds or local area regulations place different restrictions on you before making your final decision.
It’s also important to discuss a new fence with your neighbours. Do they want more privacy too? Or are they worried about their light? Or are they planning a garden re-design of their own, which might affect how they feel about your choice of fence?
In England, you need to get planning permission for fences higher than 2 metres (6ft 5″). But you can often get planning permission. In cities like London, where privacy is cherished, most fences are higher than 6’5″.
Do you need a fence, a hedge, a tree or a screen? Or a bit of everything?
It may be worth combining a number of elements to find the ideal solution for garden privacy.
Hedges can usually be a little taller (in England). They’re good for the environment, because they help absorb pollution and give a home to wildlife. Read more here about hedges for privacy.
Hedges are also better than fences or walls for windy gardens, as they filter the wind.
And you can also create a stylish, private seating area by using a screen. It may not be possible to have privacy in your entire garden, but if you can create a private seating area, that can make a big difference. There are some wonderful new screen designs on the market now. And because a pattern distracts the eye, you may not need a solid screen. This post has more about screens for garden privacy.
Sometimes a single tree, in the right place, can give you a high degree of privacy. Don’t think you have to plant it on the perimeter of your garden. If you plant it in the middle, it may break up the space and give you privacy without affecting your own or your neighbour’s light. See this post for more about perfect for privacy trees.
Depending on your layout, you may find that a single tree, plus a screen near your seating area, will give you the privacy you need. If your tree is properly pruned, you will be able to get dappled light through it – find out more about pruning for privacy and light here.
Stylish fences for privacy
Horizontal fence slats will give your fence a stylish, contemporary look.
Iron or steel fences
I saw a steel screen fence in the Melbourne Garden Show in Australia earlier this year. It was designed for a small urban garden and it looked delightful.
This is a fence made of saplings cut from trees and fixed with wires. It’s very similar to a ‘dead hedge’, where dead wood is used to create a barrier. It’s great for wildlife.
If you don’t fancy finding your own wood, you can get something of this effect with split hazel hurdle fencing here. (This is an affiliate link, so I may receive a small fee if you buy.)
Painting your fence doesn’t affect your privacy, but it will make your garden look better. Before you paint your fence, you need to make sure who owns it. If it’s your neighbour’s fence, you must ask their permission before painting on your side.
Fences for privacy in front gardens
In England you have to get planning permission if you want to erect a fence over one metre (3’3″) in the front garden if it is on a public road.
However, very few people in England are aware of this, as I see 2m garden fences going up everywhere without planning permission. There are also historic fences and walls of 10ft or more, which have been there for centuries.
In some areas, you may also have to get planning permission for a hedge in a front garden, but in most places, hedges are allowed as long as they don’t cause a nuisance.
There are complicated rules about hedges and height, but if your hedge is kept well trimmed and doesn’t affect anyone else, then you probably don’t have to worry.
Add a trellis for privacy or screening
Can you add trellis to your fence to give yourself extra privacy? That depends. There is no legal difference between trellis and fencing. So – in theory – the height of your trellis must be no more than 2 metres.
However, this varies in different counties in England. Some authorities will let you have higher trellis, according to this boundaries guide from Jackson’s Fencing on the legal issues around fences.
Some councils even encourage people to add trellis to the tops of their fences, because it is a good burglar deterrent. A trellis is not strong enough to support much weight, so it makes it difficult to climb. You can order trellis here (affiliate link).
Think about the eye line for privacy
In today’s crowded world it is rare to have privacy in your whole garden.
The answer is to decide where you want your privacy. Then look at who can see that part of the garden. It is that sight-line you need to block, not the whole garden.
Ideally, you should block that sight-line without cutting out light in anyone else’s house or garden. That may mean having trellis, fencing or trees in the middle of your own garden.
If you want to add a tree for extra privacy, then see this post about perfect-for-privacy trees.
I have found no legal restrictions on height when a trellis is within the garden. However, be aware that taller trellis will need to be sturdy, as it will rock in the wind.
Trellis arches, for example, across a long thin garden, could block the view from windows opposite without affecting anyone’s light.
You could also use split fences for privacy without completely shutting off the area. This fence at a Hampton Court show garden shows how effectively it can work.
Here Pippa and James Rubinstein have an espaliered pear tree in front of their window in Kent. It screens the study window and creates a place for two to eat in the evening.
A pergola for privacy
In England, you can have a pergola with an eaves height of 2.5 metres (or 8ft 2″) if it is against your boundary. You can have a pergola with a pitched roof height of up to 4 metres if it’s in the middle of the garden. That offers lots of screening, so it may be worth considering a pergola in one place, instead of all-round fences for privacy. You can order a pergola kit here (affiliate link).
Does the smooth side of the fence have to face outwards?
There’s a common myth in England that the owner of the fence must build it so that the smooth side faces the road or their neighbour. However, I can find no evidence of this rule anywhere.
I’ve also asked the experts at Jackson’s Fencing and they can’t find any regulations either. However, I do have a friend who informed her neighbour that the smooth side of his newly-installed fence was supposed to face her garden. He turned it round, so either he knows something we don’t, or he is terrified of her.
More ideas for garden privacy
There are more ideas for garden privacy on this post about the eight perfect-for-privacy garden trees, and this one on choosing evergreen hedges for privacy. I also have a Garden Privacy Pinterest board, which you may enjoy.
And do let me know of any good ideas you have.
If you’re thinking about using small garden trees for privacy, this video has advice on where to position the tree.
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I’m often asked for recommendations, so I’ve put together useful lists of my favourite garden tools, books and sustainable gardening products on The Middlesized Garden Amazon storefront. Links to Amazon are affiliate, see disclosure.
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